DNI Publications

(2022) Mariam Akhtar-Schuster,Lindsay C. Stringer, Graciela Metternicht, Nichole N. Barger, Jean-Luc Chotte and German Kust
Assessing the Impact of Science in the Implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

In 2013, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) established a science–policy interface (SPI) to address Parties’ need for demand-driven, timely, interdisciplinary science and technical knowledge to tackle problems of desertification, land degradation and drought. Since then, a comprehensive assessment of the SPI’s impacts on policy decision-making has been lacking, despite perceptions that the SPI is vital to the Convention’s success. Addressing this gap, this paper evaluates whether the SPI and its processes and outputs have provided the necessary scientific and technological knowledge and advice to Parties to support timely, evidence-informed decision-making. It applies an analytical framework to assess performance metrics, considering associated documents and evidence of societal relevance and social quality. The findings indicate that SPI outputs have improved implementation of the UNCCD since 2015, particularly in the context of Sustainable Development Goal Target 15.3. SPI outputs have supported scientific cooperation between the Convention and its strategic partners while enhancing its science and technology profile in line with Article 16 and Article 17. The findings indicate that further formalization of the SPI’s status within the UNCCD is vital to improve its functions, undertake its work, and enable the UNCCD to maintain its global lead in providing knowledge and advice on combating desertification, land degradation and drought.

Abstract: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/11/4/568

PDF Version: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/11/4/568/pdf

Publication in Journal

https://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/11/4/568

(2021) United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).
GAR Special Report on Drought 2021

Droughts have deep, widespread and underestimated impacts on societies, ecosystems, and economies. They incur costs that are borne disproportionately by the most vulnerable people.  The extensive impacts of drought are consistently underreported even though they span large areas, cascade through systems and scales, and linger through time, affecting millions of people and contributing to food insecurity, poverty, and inequality. Climate change is increasing temperatures and disrupting rainfall patterns, increasing the frequency, severity, and duration of droughts in many regions across the globe.  As we move towards a 2˚C warmer world, urgent action is required to better understand and more effectively manage drought risk to reduce the devastating toll on human lives and livelihoods, and ecosystems.

The GAR Special Report on Drought 2021 explores the systemic nature of drought and its impacts on achievement of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the SDGs and human and ecosystems health and wellbeing.

The report is available for download here.

The GAR Special Report on Drought 2021 was published by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).
The GAR Special Report on Drought 2021 explores the systemic nature of drought and its impacts on achievement of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the SDGs and human and ecosystems health and wellbeing.

Report

https://www.undrr.org/publication/gar-special-report-drought-2021

(2020) Hoover, D. L., B. Bestelmeyer, N. B. Grimm, T. E. Huxman, S. C. Reed, O. Sala, T. R. Seastedt, H. Wilmer & S. Ferrenberg
Traversing the Wasteland: A Framework for Assessing Ecological Threats to Drylands.

Bioscience, 70, 35-47.

Publication in Journal

https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz126

(2020) Eldridge, D. J., M. Delgado-Baquerizo, J. L. Quero, V. Ochoa, B. Gozalo, P. Garcia-Palacios, C. Escolar, M. Garcia-Gomez, A. Prina, M. A. Bowker, D. E. Bran, I. Castro, A. Cea, M. Derak, C. I. Espinosa, A. Florentino, J. J. Gaitan, G. Gatica, S. Gomez-Gonzalez, W. Ghiloufi, J. R. Gutierrez, E. Guzman-Montalvan, R. M. Hernandez, F. M. Hughes, W. Muino, J. Monerris, A. Ospina, D. A. Ramirez, Y. A. Ribas-Fernandez, R. L. Romao, C. Torres-Diaz, T. B. Koen & F. T. Maestre
Surface indicators are correlated with soil multifunctionality in global drylands

Journal of Applied Ecology, 57, 424-435.

Publication in Journal

https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13540

(2020) Cao, W., Y. X. Xiong, D. G. Zhao, H. Y. Tan & J. J. Qu
Bryophytes and the symbiotic microorganisms, the pioneers of vegetation restoration in karst rocky desertification areas in southwestern China.

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 104, 873-891.

Publication in Journal

https://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00253-019-10235-0

(2019) Garau, M., Garau, G., Diquattro, S., Roggero, P. P., & Castaldi, P.
Mobility, bioaccessibility and toxicity of potentially toxic elements in a contaminated soil treated with municipal solid waste compost

Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 186, 109766.

Publication in Journal

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109766

(2019) Chotte, J.L., Aynekulu, E., Cowie, A., Campbell, E., Vlek, P., Lal, R., Kapović-Solomun, M., von Maltitz, G., Kust, G., Barger, N., Vargas, R. & S. Gastrow
Realising the Carbon Benefits of Sustainable Land Management Practices

Guidelines for Estimation of Soil Organic Carbon in the Context of Land Degradation Neutrality Planning and Monitoring. A report of the Science-Policy Interface. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Bonn, Germany.

Publication in Journal


https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/2019 10/191016_EN_UNCCD_SPI_2019_Report_1_1_Web.pdf

(2019) Branch, O. & V. Wulfmeyer
Deliberate enhancement of rainfall using desert plantations

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116, 18841-18847.

Publication in Journal

https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904754116

(2019) Akuno, M. H., Nocella, G., Milia, E. P., & Gutierrez, L.
Factors influencing the relationship between fluoride in drinking water and dental fluorosis

Factors influencing the relationship between fluoride in drinking water and dental fluorosis: a ten-year systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Water and Health, 17(6), 845-862.

Publication in Journal

https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2019.300